The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, and exclusively federal in nature - there are no state courts.
Major industries - construction, machinery, vehicles and components, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism.
Banks (2010) - 843 banks; 4,176 branches; 79,661 employees; assets – EUR 978.76 billion; loans – EUR 363.97 billion; deposits – EUR 306.08 billion
Banking regulations – The supervision of banks (credit institutions) is a multistage process which involves co-operation among various control bodies. At the top of this multilayer structure are the Financial Market Authority (FMA) and the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OenB). In addition, large banks (with total assets over EUR 1 billion) are assigned state Commissioners who act as officers of the FMA and, inter alia, participate in these banks’ supervisory board meetings.