Inhabitants - 313,183 (July 2011)
Languages - Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Currency - Iceland Krona (ISK), floating exchange rate ~ 0.007 EUR
Religion - Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 80.7%, Roman Catholic 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjordur Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2% (2006 est.)
Politics - Politics in Iceland take place under the framework of a parliamentary, representative and democratic republic, wherein the Prime Minister of Iceland is the head of government, and there is a multi-party system. It is arguably the world\'s oldest parliamentary democracy. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament, the Althing. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.