Inhabitants - 2,204,708 (July 2011)
Language - Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3%.
Currency - Lats (LVL), fixed to EUR at 0.702
Religion - Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7%.
Politics - The politics of Latvia take place under the framework of a parliamentary, representative and democratic republic, wherin the Prime Minister is the head of government, and there is a multi-party system. The President holds a primarily ceremonial role as Head of State. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament, the Saeima. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Major industries - processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibres, electronics.